In Italy the political satire of socialist orientation is tied up mainly to the names of Guido Podrecca and Gabriele Galantara, the latter illustrator of the 'Donkey', a newspaper that, at the beginning of the twentieth century, achieved a great popularity all over the nation thanks to its sharp graphics, its anticlericalism and its accurate critical intervention on the political life of the country. It has been forced to close in the 1925.

Newspaper, Rome, Milan, published from 1893 to 1925


The '48 Italian movement was prepared and accompanied by a great number of publications in all the cities it reached: from Palermo, centre of the first movements, to Venice that would have resisted longer than all the other revolutionary republics. Unlike the press of the previous period, these newspapers emphasize the 'social matter', as the essential matter of life and the propeller of the energetic reforming activity. The idea of Nation and the one still emerging of class appeared, however , perfectly reconcilable.

Newspaper, Milan, 1848

Journal Politique

Printed statement of the weekly newspaper that Philip Buonarroti will publish in French in Florence .
The influence of France on political-democratic journalism in Italy can be traced even before the Revolution: French, it has to be remembered, was already the most important language . Phillip Buonarroti become the heir of Gracchus Babeuf in the Nineteenth century movements of communist inspiration.

Print, Florence, [1786]

La Repubblica nuovamente ritrovata, del governo dell’Eutopia...

The birth of the modern age and printed book to was accompanied, in the XV and XVI century, by the revival of the search for the causes of the oppression of man on man and by a detailed planning of a State that could prevent it: Eutopia or good place or rather Outopia or non-existent place according to the two possible meanings of the word 'Utopia.' Imaginary journeys that became even object of irony and of romantic narrations. Book. First italian edition translated by Ortensio Lando, Vinegia, 1548

Membership card of the Italian Socialist Party

At the beginning , due to the characteristics of the Italian socialist movement, tied up to the municipalism, there were no real membership cards of the Party, because usually Circles and regional and provincial federative structures would distribute their own membership cards.
Only with the 1905 Statute the adhesion becomes a personal, centralized fact .
Since 1905, membership cards were printed by the Direction of the Italian Socialist Party, they had a one-year validity and they were very accurate in graphics.