In Italy the political satire of socialist orientation is tied up mainly to the names of Guido Podrecca and Gabriele Galantara, the latter illustrator of the 'Donkey', a newspaper that, at the beginning of the twentieth century, achieved a great popularity all over the nation thanks to its sharp graphics, its anticlericalism and its accurate critical intervention on the political life of the country. It has been forced to close in the 1925.

Newspaper, Rome, Milan, published from 1893 to 1925


The '48 Italian movement was prepared and accompanied by a great number of publications in all the cities it reached: from Palermo, centre of the first movements, to Venice that would have resisted longer than all the other revolutionary republics. Unlike the press of the previous period, these newspapers emphasize the 'social matter', as the essential matter of life and the propeller of the energetic reforming activity. The idea of Nation and the one still emerging of class appeared, however , perfectly reconcilable.

Newspaper, Milan, 1848

Journal Politique

Printed statement of the weekly newspaper that Philip Buonarroti will publish in French in Florence .
The influence of France on political-democratic journalism in Italy can be traced even before the Revolution: French, it has to be remembered, was already the most important language . Phillip Buonarroti become the heir of Gracchus Babeuf in the Nineteenth century movements of communist inspiration.

Print, Florence, [1786]

The Crisis

The years Thirty and Forty of the nineteenthth century were a period of great development for the utopian movements. In England, the most famous was the one linked to Robert Owen, entrepreneur-philanthropist, who directed, among others 'The crisis', whose meaningfully subtitle recites 'or the change from the error and misery, to truth and happines.'

Newspaper, London, published from 1832 to1834